White wedding dress – An eternal love story
In ancient Rome and Egypt, white color was traditional for wedding celebrations and was the main color of the event. Girls who married were dressed in layered white silk or white linen garment. In Ancient Rome, wedding garment was called “peplos”, and in Egypt – “calaziris”.
When the Roman Empire collapsed, exuberance sank into oblivion and physical beauty was left behind. Girls wore dresses heavy enough to conceal their figures.
During the 15th century, the most popular was the “cotardie ” style – the model was with a maximum high waist, triangular neckline and long sleeves. In most cases, the color of the dress was scarlet, purple or red, but the groom’s family had to determine this. The dress should be new and no one had to see it until the wedding.
The Baroque period completely changed wedding dresses style and shape. They were already lush and voluminous, with large sleeves, generously decorated with laces and the most preferred fashion color was the gold one.
17th-18th century brought with it the fashion of big jabots and lace collars. The dominant color shades were pink and coral.
Rococo’s style established silver dresses, powdered faces, wigs, and sophisticated high buns and hairstyles. Lush of dress decorations reached its apogee. Crinoline appeared under the skirt of the dress. Tails became a must to each dress. The longer the tail was – the higher the status of the bride was.
At the end of the 18th century the fashion of wedding dresses went back to ancient style. White colored dresses looking like Greek tunics were brought to a new life and they born anew into the “empire” style. Dresses were light and soft, with very high waist, small sleeves and curly draperies.
White color experienced a new upsurge in wedding fashion.
So far, the wedding garments of royals and upper class were scarlet or red, embellished with rich embroidery in silver and gold. Frames were broken by Queen Victoria, who appeared at her wedding in a snowy white dress with an impressive 6-meter tail. She fascinated the West World with her beauty and shine and laid the beginning of the “white” vision of all brides to nowadays. At that period, women in America still followed French and English fashion. Charles Frederick Worth had great influence in the world of fashion. But in those times, during the Civil War, unfortunately bride’s choice was brought to the possibility of simply wearing their newest dress.
The end of the war marked the beginning of a new boom in the fashion industry and brides once again got back the opportunity to dress with richly decorated dresses with laces, flowers, pearls, stones, feathers and long gorgeous tails.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, bridal fashion underwent rapid evolution and passed though many transformations. Tulle became the world’s fashion discovery. The new fabric became extremely popular and designers started making different veils and crinolines. Sometimes, girls simply dressed a tightly folded tulle dress with lace, emphasizing their waist and a tight bustier. They wore a veil, made of tulle with which they covered their face during the ritual.
The 70s introduced the expressive style that does not bypassed bridal fashion. Brides could no longer worry about circumventing the traditions and could get married in any garment they wished. Short, mini dresses, skirts and trousers began to appear among the classic long white dresses. Brides started emphasizing their sexuality and show more freedom and open-mildness in their outfits in the form of wide open necklines, transparent fabrics and beautifully cut backs.
A complete work of art was Princess Diana’s wedding dress.
She was shining in a white silk taffeta dress decorated with gentle lace, a lot of stones, flowers and sequins. She had a long 7-meter long tail. She brought back to fashion the big white dress and fashion podiums were conquered by the princess dress.
A line and dresses taken in at the waist that perfectly fit every curve of the female body came into fashion and became a trend in the 1990s. Shorter dresses, trouser suits, slip style dresses, colors different from white appeared… All designers nowadays have models in another color in their collections. There are two main trends in colors – dark shades / dark blue and black / and soft, pastel colors / beige, powder, pink, light blue /.
And what about 21st century?
All the influences and fashion currents of the past epochs combined each other. Today, bride can wear a corset, a crinoline, a mini dress or trousers; indulge into a transparent fabric or a large neckline … She can be dressed in white or any color she likes … as dictated by her mood and conception of the world.
The wedding dress is one of the most important things in every woman’s life, and she is very careful in her choice. It is a muse and an object of inspiration in the collections of many designers. Sometimes it is simply a work of art. Just one thing is undeniable- whatever the selected dress is, any woman must shine in it on this date.